One Two
You are here: Home Research Research projects The Rengen Grassland Experiment (RGE)

The Rengen Grassland Experiment (RGE)

The Rengen Grassland Experiment (RGE)

Title: The Rengen Grassland Experiment (RGE)
Abstract: The RGE has been set up in 1941and is one of the oldest still running grassland experiments worldwide. Due to long-term fertilizer application, very different species rich plant communities have established and soil physic-chemical soil properties have developed. The RGE is a unique and prominent object in current research in natural scientific research. Due to its experimental design, the RGE also represents a historical phase of grassland intensification and hence is an object of considerable cultural value.

RGE photo

Present research concentrates on the question whether and how competitive ability of grassland species – induced by nutrient content in soil – can be explained by combination of plant functional traits (PFT). In this context, we understand soil nutrient content as a filter. The role of such a filter in resource use and competitive ability of species can be explained, mathematically expressed and simulated with the help of PFT.

Person in charge:

PD Dr. Jürgen Schellberg
Runtime: 1941 - today
Funding: Crop Science, INRES (Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation)  Bonn University
Cooperating partner : Department of Ecology, Czech University of Life Sciences
China Agricultural University, Beijing
INRA Toulouse, Frankreich
University of Bonn, INRES - Soil Science


Da Pontes, L.S., V. Maire, J. Schellberg, F. Louault, 2015. Grass strategies and grassland community responses to environmental drivers: a review. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35, 1297-1318. DOI:10.1007/s13593-015-0314-1.

Reyes, J., J. Schellberg, S. Siebert, M. Elsaesser, J. Adam, F. Ewert, 2015. Improved estimation of nitrogen uptake in grasslands using the nitrogen dilution curve. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 35, 1561-1570. DOI:10.1007/s13593-015-0321-2.

Hejcman, M., L. Sochorová, V. Pavlu, J. Strobach, M. Diepolder, J. Schellberg, 2014. The Steinach Grassland Experiment: Soil chemical properties, sward height and plant species composition in three cut alluvial meadow after decades-long fertilizer application. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 184, 76-97.  DOI:10.1016/j.agee.2013.11.021

Schellberg, J.  and da S. Pontes, L. 2012: Plant functional traits and nutrient gradients on grassland (Invited review). Grass and Forage Science, available online. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2494.2012.00867.x

Hejcman, M., J. Schellberg, V. Pavlu, 2011. Competitive abiity of Rhinanthus minor L. in relation to productivity in the Rengen Grassland Experiment. Plant, Soil and Environment 57, 45-51.

Pavlu, V., J. Schellberg, M. Hejcman, 2011. Cutting frequency versus N application: Effect of twenty years management on Lolio-Cynosuretum grassland. Grass and Forage Science 66, 501-515.DOI:10.1111/j.1365-2494.2011.00807.x

Hejcman, M., J. SchellbergV. Pavlu, 2010. Dactylorhiza maculata, Platanthera bifolia and Listera ovata survive N application under P limitation. Acta Oecologia 36 (6), 684-688. DOI:10.1016/j.actao.2010.09.001

Hejcman, M., J. Szarkova, J. Schellberg, P. Tlustos, 2010b. The Rengen Grassland Experiment: relationship between soil and biomass chemical properties, the amount of applied elements and their uptake. Plant and Soil 333, 163-179.DOI:10.1007/s11104-010-0332-3.

Hejcman, M., M. Ceskova, J. Schellberg, S. Paetzold, 2010a. The Rengen Grassland Experiment: Effect of Soil Chemical Properties on Biomass Production, Plant Species Composition and Species Richness. Folia Geobotanica 45, 125-142. DOI:10.1007/s12224-010-9062-9

Ponsens, J., J. Hanson, J. Schellberg, B.M. Moeseler, 2010. Characterization of phenotypic diversity, yield and response to drought stress in a collection of Rhodes grass (Chloris gayana Kunth) accession. Field Crops Research 118, 57-72.DOI:10.1016/j.fcr.2010.04.008.

Hejcman, M., J. Szakova, J. Schellberg, P. Srek, P. Tlustos, J. Balik, 2010. The Rengen Grassland Experiment: bryophytes biomass and element concentrations after 65 years of fertilizer application. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 166, 653-662. DOI:10.1007/s10661-009-1030-6.

Chytry, M., M. Hejcman, S. Hennekens, J. Schellberg, 2009. Changes in vegetation types and Ellenberg indicator values after 65 years of fertilizer application: evidence from the Rengen Grassland Experiment, Germany. Applied Vegetation Science 12, 167-176.DOI:10.1111/j.1654-109X.2009.01011.x.

Hejcman, M., J. Szakova, J. Schellberg, P. Srek, P. Tlustos, 2009. The Rengen Grassland Experiment: soil contamination by trace elements (As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb and Zn) after 65 years of fertilizer application. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems 83, 39-50. DOI:10.1007/s10705-008-9197-8..

Hejcman, M., M. Klaudisová, J. Schellberg, D. Horsova, 2007. The Rengen Grassland Experiment: Plant species composition after 64 years of fertiliser application. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 122,

Schellberg, J., B.M. Möseler, W. Kühbauch, I. Rademacher, 1999. Long-term effects of fertilizer on soil nutrient concentration, yield, forage quality and floristic composition of a hay meadow in the Eifel mountains, Germany. Grass and Forage Science 54, 195-207. DOI:10.1046/j.1365-2494.1999.00166.x.

Document Actions